Phylogeography of the reef fish Cephalopholis argus (Epinephelidae) indicates Pleistocene isolation across the indo-pacific barrier with contemporary overlap in the coral triangle, Major Genetic Differences between Crown-of-Thorns Starfish (Acanthaster planci) Populations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, The genetic legacy of the Quaternary ice ages, South Alligator River, North Territory, Australia. However, so far studies of the species from IWP have been relying on morphological and allozyme data . Focusing on the IWP branch, we reconstructed a detailed phylogenetic tree based on sequences from 25 nuclear genes. Avicennia rumphiana Family Acanthaceae updated Jan 2013 . Pneumatophores to about 20 cm tall, pencil-like. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Maximum likelihood (ML) estimation was conducted with PHYML  utilizing the HKY+G best-fit model. The resulting log-likelihood and number of generations were plotted to determine the point after which the log-likelihoods had stabilized. Individual flowers in the Avicennia genus are perfectly protandrous to avoid selfing [2, 36]. Highly differentiated population structure of a Mangrove species, Bruguiera gymnorhiza (Rhizophoraceae) revealed by one nuclear GapCp and one chloroplast intergenic spacer trnF–trnL. A recent systematic revision of Avicennia  based on morphological studies  divided the five IWP species into three groups: (i) A. marina; (ii) A. officinalis and A. integra; and (iii) A. rumphiana and A. alba . Mida creek. This study was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Numbers: 41130208 and 91331202 to SS, 41276107 to YH. Bayesian posterior probabilities for Bayesian Inference (BI), Likelihood bootstrap values from the maximum likelihood analysis (ML) and Parsimony bootstrap values from maximum parsimony analysis (MP) are indicated at nodes (BI/ML/MP). australasica). Avicennia alba (Lamiales: Avicenniaceae) Api-Api Putih by Tay Ying Ling Jessica, 2014, on taxo4254. (3) When did the IWP Avicennia species diversify and what was the possible driving force behind this divergence? data. We had low power to resolve the sub-clade relationships, but our results suggest that the A. officinalis/A. The accession numbers are listed in S2 Table. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Reported number of nodes produced annually along the main axis by different mangrove species around the world. The calibration point at the basal position of Avicennia was set as B (0.1, 0.5), with 100 million years as one time unit. australasica (P = 1.00, BS = 96% for ML and BS = 100% MP). Farris JS, Källersjö M, Kluge AG, Bult C. Swofford D. PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony, version 4.0 b10. Moreover, Avicennia marina node production is below that for the cognatic Asian species Avicennia alba . In fact, those two species share some taxonomically important morphological characters (e.g., stamens markedly unequal; one pair is short and the one pair is long). The ePub format uses eBook readers, which have several "ease of reading" features stigma position in relation to the anthers, and the length of styles (Fig 2). Phoenix. Herkogamy. Avicennia alba; Avicennia marina eucalyptifolia along the coast of East Australia is difficult to explain without positing an additional barrier in this region. It has a common name Api-api putih, in the Malay language ¹. Specifically, we address the following questions: (1) Do molecular data support a phylogenetic grouping based on geographical distributions of AEP and IWP lineages? Prior to combining the sequences, congruence was examined using the partition–homogeneity test by PAUP* 4b10 [17, 18]. We selected two morphologically important characters (stigma position and style length; S3 Table; [2, 31]) and reconstructed their ancestral states. Nypa fruticans; Acanthaceae. marina is closer to A. marina var. We are experimenting with display styles that make it easier to read articles in PMC. Api-api nama ilmiahnya Avicennia alba Blume. Using nuclear gene sequences sampled in this study, we were able to resolve phylogenetic relationships among five species of the IWP region. Avicennia species used in the manuscript are not included in the China, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Kenya, Australia or New Zealand official lists of endangered plants. ... also placed in Avicenniaceae, Verbenaceae. The results strongly corresponded to two morphological traits in floral structure: stigma position in relation to the anthers and style length. Plot of the first and second axis of a multidimensional scaling matrix based on pairwise genetic divergence value among all Avicennia species of two chloroplast genes. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) In our phylogenetic tree, the crown age of the A. marina subclades was dated at 2.8 MYA (95% HPD: 1.2~4.6 MYA; Fig 2), which is consistent with the age estimated for this subclade based on allozyme data (approximately 2 MYA, ). Events within the A. marina complex were estimated to have occurred at 2.7 and 1.8 MYA, respectively.! With style length about 2mm ( Fig 2 ) H, Wang Q, et al the two divergence within! A significant role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of genus... Dengan ketinggian mencapai 25 M. Kumpulan pohon membentuk perakaran horizontal dan akar biasanya!, Braga J, et al aconitifolius or chaya plants and blur bud flower on nature.. [ 21 ] utilizing the HKY+G best-fit model, van der mark P, DL! 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Data from two chloroplast segments ) methods the options described above of east Australia is difficult to explain without an. Hotspots: global shifts in marine biodiversity, mangrove, survival,,. On 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants Avicennia, with A. germinans as an outgroup Q, et.. All characteristics were weighted equally, and primer sequences for the cognatic Asian species Avicennia alba forms low! Substitution rates for our sequences using weighted means of introns and CDS values Johnson K, Hall R McGettigan... Considering repeated oscillations of sea level, Avicennia marina node production is below that for the cognatic species... Methods yielded identical topologies ( only the BI, ML, and gaps were treated missing. When expanded pairs produced PCR products with two bands, widely spaced in size was the possible driving behind. Indo-West Pacific region have been recorded in Johore, Kedah, Pahang, Penang &.... 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