The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 to 1.8 in) br… Distinctive peeling bark provides an interesting landscape element, especially in winter. Hardy Species It needs plenty of light and does best on dry, acid soils and is found on heathland, mountainsides, and clinging to crags. [10], Three subspecies of silver birch are accepted:[11][1], B. pendula is distinguished from the related B. pubescens, the other common European birch, in having hairless, warty shoots (hairy and without warts in downy birch), more triangular leaves with double serration on the margins (more ovoid and with single serrations in downy birch), and whiter bark often with scattered black fissures (greyer, less fissured, in downy birch). window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. Hybrids between the two are known, but are very rare, and being triploid, are sterile. The cultivars marked agm above have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. 'dimension7': '173628', Smooth in … [6] In addition to mycorrhiza, the presence of microfauna in the soil assists the growth of the tree, as it enhances the mobilization of nutrients. They are sticky with resin at first, but this dries as they age, leaving small, white scales. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. The European White Birch is a fast-growing tree for cold parts of the country, that is a great choice for a new, empty garden. The thin sheets of bark that peel off young wood contain a waxy resin and are easy to ignite even when wet. Print This Page. 'dimension3': 'undefined', This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.init('OrfhmQgk6sGIKGvE9vw'); [28], Successful birch cultivation requires a climate cool enough for at least the occasional winter snowfall. Bark can be heated and the resin collected; the resin is an excellent waterproof glue and useful for starting fires. [6] [1][11] B. szaferi was previously considered extinct in the wild on the Red List, but is now considered a form of B. pendula with the presence of a mutant gene, causing it to grow weakly and fruit heavily. The birch family includes alders, hornbeams and hazels. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. jQuery.extend(Drupal.settings, {"basePath":"\/","pathPrefix":"","ajaxPageState":{"theme":"vance_woodworkingnetwork","theme_token":"zPlovRCs9usrrOP3okfID3Fl0mZT93y8ScYDysBoXOg","js":{"0":1,"1":1,"2":1,"\/\/\/ajax\/libs\/jquery\/1.10.2\/jquery.min.js":1,"3":1,"misc\/jquery-extend-3.4.0.js":1,"misc\/jquery-html-prefilter-3.5.0-backport.js":1,"misc\/jquery.once.js":1,"4":1,"5":1,"6":1,"7":1,"misc\/drupal.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_more\/js\/vance_more_load_more.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/apachesolr_sort\/apachesolr_sort.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/formalize\/lib\/javascripts\/jquery.formalize.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_video_players\/js\/vancePlayer.js":1,"https:\/\/\/library\/sGZ9VMDuEeOH7SIACi0I_Q.js":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/patched\/disqus\/disqus.js":1,"8":1,"https:\/\/\/js\/plusone.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/picturefill.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/imagesLoaded\/imagesloaded.pkgd.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/masonry\/dist\/masonry.pkgd.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/jquery.simplemodal.1.4.4.min.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/bootstrap\/assets\/javascripts\/bootstrap\/tab.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/modernizr.custom.71422.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/flexibility.js":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/js\/base.js":1,"9":1},"css":{"modules\/system\/system.base.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.menus.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.messages.css":1,"modules\/system\/system.theme.css":1,"modules\/comment\/comment.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_api\/date.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_popup\/themes\/datepicker.1.7.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/date\/date_repeat_field\/date_repeat_field.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/domain\/domain_nav\/domain_nav.css":1,"modules\/field\/theme\/field.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/formalize\/lib\/stylesheets\/formalize.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/logintoboggan\/logintoboggan.css":1,"modules\/node\/node.css":1,"modules\/poll\/poll.css":1,"modules\/search\/search.css":1,"modules\/user\/user.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/views\/css\/views.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/contrib\/ctools\/css\/ctools.css":1,"http:\/\/\/k_button.css":1,"sites\/all\/modules\/custom\/vance_listings\/css\/vance_listings.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/styles\/stylesheets\/print.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/base\/bootstrap\/assets\/stylesheets\/bootstrap.css":1,"sites\/all\/themes\/vance_woodworkingnetwork\/styles\/stylesheets\/woodworkingnetwork-modules.css":1,"https:\/\/\/css?family=Crimson+Text:400,600,700":1}},"urlIsAjaxTrusted":{"\/wood-archives\/wood-products-magazine\/european_birch_127691818.html":true},"disqus":{"domain":"woodworkingnetwork","url":"https:\/\/\/wood-archives\/wood-products-magazine\/european_birch_127691818.html","title":"European Birch","identifier":"node\/173628","token":"c3fb58461e2cd5043423398b2aa7ece2","callbacks":{"onNewComment":["Drupal.disqus.notifyAuthor","Drupal.disqus.notifyAuthor"]}}}); A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. European birch yields plain and fancy looks, and both have fans in the world of woodworking. For the racehorse, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T62535A3115662.en. In the spring, large quantities of sap rise up the trunk and this can be tapped. Ben Clift, sales manager for Danzer Specialty Veneer in Ediburgh, IN, says his company produces a lot of European birch veneer. [25], The outer part of the bark contains up to 20% betulin. It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. Other popular grain patterns for European birch include flame, ice and curly birch. It is also native to northern Morocco and has become naturalised in some other parts of the world. Share your thoughts with us in the comments below. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. Noteworthy Characteristics Betula pendula, commonly called European white birch or white birch, is native to Europe and Asia Minor where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes. [18] In Germany, almost 500 species of insects have been found on silver and downy birch including 106 beetles and 105 lepidopterans, with 133 insect species feeding almost exclusively on birch. Facts on the European White Birch Location. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. There is no other firewood sold anywhere with the beauty, ease of Shiny, … //--> The graceful, arching, open-branched pyramidal form when young matures to a stately oval to rounded form in time. 'dimension8': '173628', Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. Birch Essential Oil Uses Birch Essential Oil varies in usage depending on the tree of extraction. It makes a good firewood, but is quickly consumed by the flames. Experts also recommend using reduced cutting angles to avoid tearing when the material is planed. [CDATA[//>
2020 european white birch uses