Edible berries have red cones. Sumac Berries Health Benefits. Poison sumac also differs in that it rarely grows in dense, pure stands, and in that it inhabits swamps rather than dry areas. The “staghorn” part comes from the velvety branches that somewhat resemble antlers. This is especially true if your skin is sensitive and comes in contact with sumac. Edible fruit that attracts songbirds. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). See also notes in 'Cultivation Details'. It’s the largest of the sumacs and the one with the least tart berries. Staghorn sumac has been called the vinegar tree and the lemonade tree as its juice can be used as a substitute for vinegar or lemon juice. It is easily identified by the large red burgundy cone… Wilderness Survival Debris Hut. Edible? Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. Sumac is a wild plant that … Photo: Sten Porse, Wikimedia Commons. berry can be eaten raw to quench thirst. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. Here are the four key items to look for in order to positively identify staghorn and smooth sumac (taken from my previous article): Compound Toothed Leaves: Both species have pinnately compound leaves with serrated edges. Sumac Herbal Use, Edible . Older stems are readily colonized by lichen, furthering the shrub's look of age and gnarled endurance. JG Webmaster 2020-07-27T16:45:43+00:00. Poison sumac is the most contact-toxic plant in North America, and it’s just as nasty when ingested. Sumac. Before we continue, a word on Poison Sumac – Staghorn Sumac only has one deadly mimic, but it’s a doozie. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. Add a few ice cubes and you've got yourself wild pink lemonade! The young twigs are thick and covered with velvet, just like any proper stag's antlers. Rhus . Camassia. If you do not have staghorn sumac in your area, you might have one of these other rhuses which might be worth investigating. Sumac – A Spice with Health Benefits. Pretty amazing stuff. yes Friend, Not Foe (Staghorn Sumac) It is easy to think of the staghorn sumac as a weed or undesirable—especially because once it takes root it can easily spread from one tree to a grove in a matter of a few years. About this Species: I am lucky enough to have found smooth, fragrant, winged and staghorn sumac all in my area! staghorn sumac. Beating Invasive Plants at Their Own Game. Feb 17, 2020 - In Ojibwe, baakwaanaatig, mainly referring to the berry, staghorn sumac is the "lemonadiest" and most vinegary of edible and medicinal shrubs. In the northeast the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta) predominates. They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance, tolerate drought and cold, are edible, and they are excellent bee forage. Smooth sumac has a purplish midrib between the toothed leaflets, and smooth twigs. Cut-leaved Staghorn Sumac Thick branches of candelabra-like stems give staghorn sumac a dramatic and even prehistoric presence in Winter. The Ojibwa took a decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea. Although we’re focusing on Staghorn Sumac today, the same edible and medicinal qualities apply to nearly every species in the genus. The leaf edges of poison sumac are smooth, while those of the edible eastern sumacs are toothed. You can make delicious lemonade with staghorn sumac that is full of vitamin C! The two species that I’ve observed most commonly around the Ohio River Valley are R. typhina (staghorn sumac) and R. copallina (winged or shining sumac), but once you develop an eye for this genus they’re all very easy to spot.Many bear very close resemblance to the staghorn. If you do so, take care that you try just a little at first to notice your body's reaction. The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. Staghorn sumac, with its clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced tea — colourful, tart and refreshing. the variety in Nova Scotia is Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Sumac berries have a zingy lemon taste when harvested in late summer or early Fall. The family also includes cashew, smoke tree, mango, pistachio, poison ivy and several cultivated tropical ornamentals. In this species, note the “wings” between the leaf pairs. Eventually the leaves will drop and the berry clusters will be left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette. Young shoots and roots are peeled and eaten raw. Camassia. All put on a grand show in autumn of brilliant hues of orange and yellow that become deep red. Although safe and nutritious, sumac is from the same family as poison ivy and other plants that commonly irritate human skin and mucus membranes. The fruit is also eaten raw, cooked or made into a lemonade-like drink. Related Posts. The first step before eating any wild edible is to positively identify it. The difference between edible staghorn berries and poisonous ones is easy to distinguish. October 15th, 2020 | 0 Comments. In Florida the predominant sumac is Rhus copallina, also known the shining sumac, the winged sumac, dwarf sumac, flame leaf sumac and the mountain sumac (curious as there are no mountains in Florida.) The berries, roots, inner bark, and leaves of smooth and staghorn sumac were used to make dyes of various colors. in beverage , Edible Raw, Grain/Nuts/Seeds, Miscellaneous, plants, Recipes, Salad, Spice/Seasoning, Trees/Shrubs, Vegetable. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. There are 3 varieties of edible sumac in our area of New England--staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), and dwarf sumac (Rhus copallina). Fuzzy stems of staghorn sumac, resembling the velvet on new antlers of deer. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. Sumac is reportedly a very high source of vitamin C: its most common traditional culinary use in North America is in a tart, cooling lemonade-like drink. Canadian Species . Not only do the dried and ground berries of the edible Rhus species add wonderful lemony flavor to meat and vegetable dishes, research suggests that food-grade sumac may also be good for you. Sumac in Nova Scotia (Edibility and Identification) Home > Edible Berries of Nova Scotia > Sumac. Sumac is a shrub of the genus Rhus of the family Anacardiaceae. In Ojibwe, baakwaanaatig, mainly referring to the berry, staghorn sumac is the “lemonadiest” and most vinegary of edible and medicinal shrubs. Staghorn sumac twigs are covered in soft hairs, similar to a young deer's antlers, and the berries are very hairy. There are several types of edible sumac in the U.S. including smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), staghorn sumac (R. typhina), and three leaved sumac (R. trilobata). They are quite unlike the berries of the edible sumacs, like staghorn sumac. Phew! The active constituents in Sumac are being studied for use in many diseases some possible applications are in the treatment of TB, diabetes, and some cancers. I love the brilliant red-orange leaves which start to turn from green into color just at the time the berries ripen. Staghorn sumac, with its clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced tea — colourful, tart and refreshing. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. By comparison, the poisonous kind are white. And there are other Canadian species, such as the smooth sumac in western Canada, the fragrant sumac in the prairies through to Ontario and the shining sumac in southern Ontario. There are other ‘rhus’ varieties, all with red flowers, and all edible. However, it does provide a few blessings as well as visual drama when incorporated purposefully into a landscape. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. Staghorn sumac during autumn. I’m not sure exactly who came up with the name”Debris Hut” but it is a term used quite… Persimmon – A Perfect Fall Survival Food. Sumac, Rhus Juice, Quallah: Good Drink. The autumn season brings many delights that can only be enjoyed this time of year, such as the changing leaves, pumpkins, fresh apples, grouse hunting and much more. How to identify it: Its distinctive soft velvety stalks, which give it its name, distinguish it before the berries appear. But it is only really enjoyable when prepared properly. Beating Invasive Plants at Their Own Game. berry can be crushed in water to make refreshing drink. All produce red berries with varying degrees of sourness. Wild Sumac was used extensively by Native Americans for food and medicine. If it surprises you that rash-causing poison sumac has family ties with a plant that bears edible nuts, be prepared to be surprised again: Mango trees ( Mangifera spp .) Edible sumac has red fruit borne in terminal clusters. Staghorn Sumac Tea. Sumac: More Than Just Native Lemonade by DEANE. The fruit ripens and becomes a maroon color from late summer to early fall. Compound leaf of staghorn sumac. How to Identify Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. Share This Article With Your Plant Friends. by Zannah Crowe. Poison sumac and staghorn sumac belong to the same family: Anacardiaceae. Stag's Horn Sumach, Velvet Sumac, Staghorn Sumac: Family: Anacardiaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: There are some suggestions that the sap of this species can cause a skin rash in susceptible people, but this has not been substantiated. The fruits of the Staghorn Sumac are crimson and juicy when mature, and encapsulated by soft, sticky, velvety red-brown clusters at the tip of the twigs. grows in plains and foothills on dry slopes. https://ediblecapitaldistrict.ediblecommunities.com/recipes/discovery-sumac The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. The staghorn sumac, however, is native to the southern half of Ontario and eastwards to the Maritime provinces. Sumac is used to make a drink called Indian Lemonade, referring to indigenous or Native Americans. Steeped, they make a refreshing drink. There is a popular belief that sumac is poisonous, but most varieties are not toxic, and staghorn and other edible varieties of sumac have a very long history of culinary, medical and social-ceremonial use. Staghorn Sumac is a tree/bush like none other. However, staghorn sumac is edible–if you know exactly the right kind of staghorn to eat. berry is reddish, hairy, and has lemony taste. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. Photo by Green Deane. The Staghorn Sumac Fruit Despite these berries having a fuzzy look and feel, the Sumac fruit cluster is technically edible. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common “roadside” plants in North America. belong to the same family. Many of these delights focus on wild edibles like mushrooms, grapes, various nuts, wild rice and persimmons, to name a few. It is the red fuzzy berries of staghorn sumac that make a pretty excellent wild edible, with a tart citrusy flavor. This botanical group is also called the "cashew" family, and cashew trees ( Anacardium occidentale ) are part of it. While some people eat the young shoots of sumac stems, I’m not impressed enough by the flavor to repeat the experience. Fuzzy berries of Nova Scotia ( Edibility and Identification ) Home > edible berries of the sumacs the... 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