It is moderately stable and works well with hand and machine tools, but can be wooly. The white birch from Europe and the natural white with dark heartwood that grows in the United States are also used frequently to make doors. Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. Borers: Wood-boring insect larvae are a big concern for any tree, but particularly for Birch trees. 'dimension2': 'Wood Explorer', Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. [CDATA[//> "Identification and isolation of pharmacologically active triterpenes in Betuale cortex, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme,, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Various parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine and the bark contains triterpenes, which have been shown to have medicinal properties. European white birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its … European White Birch. Leaves are glossy green turning yellow in autumn. Edibility. The European white birch (B. pendula, sometimes erroneously called B. alba), also known as silver birch or common birch, has slender, drooping branches and small, sharp-pointed leaves about 6 cm (2 inches) long.It may grow to a height of 15 m on light soils. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. They also used it to make baskets, baby carriers, mats, torches and moose calls. The thin sheets of bark that peel off young wood contain a waxy resin and are easy to ignite even when wet. The silver birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that owes its common name to the white peeling bark on the trunk. European white birch (Not recommended) Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. The… Read More A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. European White Birch (Betula pendula) ID. While plain, white birch is known for its creamy, white-to-tan color and faint grain, masur birch is the name for wood that has been affected by insects. 'dimension3': 'undefined', [8] It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in the states of Kentucky, Maryland, Washington, and Wisconsin. In midsummer, the female catkins mature and the male catkins expand and release pollen, and wind pollination takes place. Clift says plain European birch is typically used in kitchen cabinetry, panels and residential doors. This applies particularly to acidic or nutrient-poor soils. Sign Up for Woodworking Network Newsletters, Get the latest headlines delivered to you daily Subscribe. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch (B. papyrifera). com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.visitPage(); COMMON NAMES From shop SEEDMALL. The tree can also be found in more temperate regions of Australia. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. From shop blueskiesforever. The tip is very long and pointed and the base is almost straight across. The immature male catkins are present during the winter, but the female catkins develop in the spring, soon after the leaves unfurl. [8], The branches of the silver birch often have tangled masses of twigs known as witch's brooms growing among them, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina. It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. '); The wood is lighter than the North American species. Heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment. Creative cutting can give the dimensions needed. White birch is a medium-sized tree, with most in the wild growing to heights between 50 and 70 feet. Leaves: The leaves are 1-2.5" (2.5-6cm) long and 1-1.5" (2.5-4cm) wide. Small shrubs that grow on the forest floor include blaeberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea). com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.init('OrfhmQgk6sGIKGvE9vw'); Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. gtag('config', 'AW-799896374'); Hybrids between the two are known, but are very rare, and being triploid, are sterile. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Old trees are often killed by the decay fungus Piptoporus betulinus and fallen branches rot rapidly on the forest floor. European White Birch Tree Tags (ITEM# TT-15) 4" x 6" medium .070 gauge tan poly with green print. [6] The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged. [4] Historically, the bark was used for tanning. Hardy Species Wood glues well and is easy to finish. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. Clump form is … The buds are small and sticky, and development is sympodial - the terminal bud dies away and growth continues from a lateral bud. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. It is also used for high-end joinery, flooring, general turnery and cabinetry. [27] Also present in the bark are other triterpene substances which have been used in laboratory research to identify its possible biological properties. It is used in specialty furniture and airplane interiors. It is sometimes grafted onto another root stock resulting in a taller tree with an umbrella-like crown. //--> It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in some states in the United States and parts of Canada. The outer bark can be peeled off in the late spring or early summer and used to create a variety of crafts. It is sometimes used as a pioneer and nurse tree elsewhere. [CDATA[//>