Addis Ababa University. The texts in some figures, diagrams, and other drawings were found to be not clearly seen. Physics For Grade7physics. The purpose of this paper was to analyze grade 7 and 8 physics student textbooks for Ethiopian schools. Laws, P., and Horsley, M. (2006). Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14. Finally, when the average index value for all the six categories of each textbook was calculated, the values found to be 0.6 and 0.58 for grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks, respectively. Practical assessment, Translational Government of Ethiopia (TGE). How do we measure mass of any object ? The main method of the research employed was content analysis. Bahir Dar. 2. Quantitative method of textbook evaluation fro chemistry (KBSM) form 4 textbook. Unpublished. Conceptual Physics (12th Edition) Hewitt, Paul G. Publisher Addison-Wesley ISBN 978-0-32190-910-7. It’s time to experiment with physics in... An introduction to physics in the context of everyday objects. The game of badminton consists of two to four players (singles or doubles). Physics For Grade7physics - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Ministry of Education. The guideline for index values interpretation is given in Table 1 below. Wilson, R. (2008).Promoting the Development of Scientific Thinking. Resources support the Next Generation Science Standards and cover topics such as potential and kinetic... Series of videos explaining the basics of gravity - what it is, how it affects planets and other celestial bodies, and the physics of falling objects. Physics is defined as the study of the nature of matter, energy, and their interactions. Different techniques could be employed to analyze textbooks. Physics Grade 7 Student Textbook. Amhara National Regional State Education Bureau (ANRSEB). … Keywords: constructivism, quantitative analysis of textbook, student-centered, textbook, American Journal of Educational Research, 2014 2 (1), The study has tried to analyze the six categories (learning objectives, text narratives, activities, figures and diagrams, review questions and problems, and unit summaries) of the grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks for Ethiopian schools by employing mainly content analysis technique. (1997). (2002). According to Romey (1968), textbooks should have a balance in terms of facts, definitions, explanations, and conclusions so that they can promote critical thinking skills and be able to extract their own knowledge. Ministry of Education. These aspects of the textbook can be arranged into six categories: Learning objectives, Text narratives, Activities, Figures and Diagrams, Unit summaries, and Exercises at the end of units. Engida, T. (2005). These aspects of the textbooks emphasized on memorization of facts, explanations, principles; the activities had immediate answers in the textbooks; figures and diagrams concentrated mainly for illustrative purpose; review questions and problems demanded simple memory and mere mathematical calculations based on previous learning of formulas; summaries reflected main points in the text narratives and limited to raise new questions and up-to-date scientific researches. Thus. Physics / Measurement of Basic Elements. Relatively speaking, the grade 8 physics textbook is better in including figures and diagrams to involve students in performing some activities and predict relationships. More specifically, the activities, figures and diagrams, texts, unit summaries, and review questions and problems should be improved and revised in order to help students to engage actively in their own learning. 3rd - 7th | HippoCampus.org is a free, core academic web site that delivers rich multimedia content—videos, animations, and simulations—on general education subjects to middle-school and high-school teachers... Series of videos covering fundamental Physics concepts, such as: Relativity The Butterfly Effect and Chaos Pole in the Barn Paradox Alternate universes Light as a wave. McKeachie in National Academy of Sciences (1997) indicated that, for many people, visual processing (i.e., reading) is faster than auditory processing (i.e., listening to lectures), making textbooks a very effective resource. Textbooks as curriculum materials play very important role in serving as supplementary materials by incorporating explanation of terms and the findings of many different researches. Format), Citation-(EndNote However, the other aspects of the textbooks were found to have limitations. We’ll start by looking at motion itself. Strategies for improving Science and Mathematics education in Ethiopia. Sydney: The University of Sydney. Robert, A. Furthermore, open-ended questionnaires for students and their physics teachers were used to collect data to be used to triangulate the data obtained by rating different aspects of the textbooks. Conceptual Framework of This Study: Quantitative Analysis of Textbooks. Base on the index interpretation guideline, the grade 7 textbook has a value near to 0.4 and thus not good in providing figures and diagrams for data analysis purposes and requiring students to perform some activity. Try this amazing 7th Grade Science Chapter 1 Test-matter quiz which has been attempted 1412 times by avid quiz takers. Online video/YouTube, 7th - High School | This approach does not help students discover or construct their own idea. •Â Â develop skill of manipulating numerical problems related to motion. Yimulaw, M. (2007). Text narratives are one of several aspects of textbooks. 10 High School Physics and Physical Science Text Books Here are 10 excellent and well written high school Physics and Physical Science text books that teach and demonstrate many topics and areas. Physics is one of the natural science subjects given as a linear subject starting from grade 7 to 12 in Ethiopian schools. Online/YouTube video, 2nd - 8th | The known physics educator Redish (2002) has also suggested that students going to study other sciences need to understand physics as part of their scientific education. Introduction to Physics Power Point 49,477 views. The main method of the research employed was content analysis. Here find Science Notes, assignments, concept maps and lots of study material for easy learning and understanding. Analysis of Grades 7 and 8 Physics Textbooks: A Quantitative Approach. The different aspects of textbooks such as learning objectives, texts, activities, figures and diagrams, summaries and end-of-unit exercises were sampled and rated with a sample sheet. Top-notch introduction to physics. Though students starting Conceptual Academy in the 8th grade should take a careful look at our Physical Science Explorations course. Our middle school physical science “explorations” title is geared for grades 7 – 9 covering physics, chemistry, Earth Science, and astronomy over a two year sequence. As for text narratives, the index value for students’ involvement for grade 7 and grade 8 textbooks is 0.2 and 0.3, respectively. An index called index of students involvement was calculated from ratings of the different aspects of the textbook and the interpretation was made based on the guideline given in Table 1 above. Format), Citation-(BibTeX In addition, the Ministry of Education demands that textbooks currently in use as well as those that will be produced in the future will be greatly improved or revised. Of course, there are several challenges to include many activities in textbooks in developing countries like Ethiopia where many students do not have access to other books and reference materials to read at home (MoE, 2002). In this curriculum framework, it is clearly indicated that it is the learner-centered approaches and the constructivist epistemology that the teaching-learning process should follow. One stop resource to a deep understanding of important concepts in physics Research indicated that traditional problems that lead to an immediate mathematical answer do not foster scientific thinking rather productive questions should be included that require students to be engaged both physically and mentally in investigating and manipulating elements in their environment (Wilson, 2008). Retrieved on Tuesday, December 03, 2013 from http://www.unesco.org/webworld/ramp/html/r8810e/r8810e04.htm. After taking representative samples for each aspect from each textbook under investigation, the index of student involvement was calculated and then the value is summarized in Table 2 below. An evaluation of the physics textbook by secondary school teachers for general outlook and content relatedness suitability. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed qualitatively and used to support the quantitative data. Mechanics The physical body of a seventh grader is rapidly changing, and they are developing a new relationship with the world and the forces of nature. That is, it develops self confidence in the part of learners not only to solve problems in physics but also other real-life problems. Textbooks should explain the learning objectives before the learning process takes place (Dalim and Mubarrak, 2013). According to scholars in the area activities should provide an opportunity to involve students in discussions, presentations, collecting data, role plays, linking to websites, and computer simulations (Dalim and Mubarrak, 2013). (1962). Dubai: Al Ghurair Printing and Publishing House LLC. From the researcher’s point of analysis, fulfilling all these parts of the textbook is supported. This Math quiz is called 'Measurement - The Metric System - An Introduction' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Converting units of measure, Maths work third term measurement, Pp uzzleruzzler, This practice book contains physics test, Physics 01 01 intro and units name, Lesson plan what is physics, Reading a scale kilograms, Electricity unit. • Introductory Physics I and II A lecture note style textbook series intended to support the teaching of introductory physics, with calculus, at a level suitable for Duke undergraduates. We consider Conceptual Integrated Science Explorations to be a two year sequence. Retrieved on Monday, November, 26, 2013 from http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-007-4168-3_15. Read it now. Accordingly, all the units consist of learning objectives, text narratives, activities, figures and diagrams, unit summaries, end-of-unit exercises. In the above formula, lists a, b, c, and d are related to passive student learning whereas lists e, f, g, and h are considered as active student learning. 3. pp 44-49. a= questions that have answers directly from the textbook, c= questions requiring the students to apply what they have learned to new situations, d= questions requiring students for problem solving. What grade levels would you like to receive learning resources for? Computer Science: An Overview: (13th Edition) Brookshear, Glenn; Brylow, Dennis Publisher Pearson Higher Education ISBN 978-0-13487-546-0. One can easily judge looking at the sample learning objectives taken from both textbooks as shown below. However, the learning objectives stated were not clearly written indicating the behavior expected of students after completing the units. This document emphasized the importance of quality teaching and learning materials to bring quality in science and mathematics education. Introduction . Badminton Grade 7 Physical Education 1. The text narratives had limitations in helping students learn and do science. Based on the analysis made and the results obtained, the following conclusions were made:-. Physics: Part I, textbook for grade 7 of the 7 year curriculum and middle school, Unknown Binding – January 1, 1950 by A. V PeÌ ryshkin (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. In Ethiopian context where there are no enough curriculum materials, textbooks are taken to be the basic sources of ideas and information. Apart from simple eye-boring examination of grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks, the writer of this paper collected information from in-service physics teachers, pre-service student physics teachers, and physics teachers during physics handbook familiarization workshops which helped to identify the presence of the problem. However, these figures and diagrams were found to be mostly for illustrative purpose that had limitations in helping students to analyze data and learn new situations. I am a parent as well with 2 children and three grandchildren. “After completing this unit you should be able to: •Â Â understand concepts related to motion. College Physics (7th Edition) Wilson, Jerry D.; Buffa, Anthony J.; Lou, Bo Publisher Pearson ISBN 978-0-32160-183-4. Black-and-white drawings. Zewdie, Zemenu Mihret. Simple eye-boring examination of end-of-unit exercises showed that there are a variety of exercises from lower order to higher order questions in the two textbooks. We study the six simple machines and how they work: the lever, pulley, wheel and axle, inclined plane, wedge and the screw. The calculated index of student involvement for figures and diagrams in the textbooks gives 0.54 and 0.68 for grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks, respectively. In analyzing science textbooks, different scholars have used text narratives as one category (Dalim and Mubarrak, 2013; Mergo, 2012; Engida, 2005). Having such great role, the inadequate and inconsistent scientific knowledge presented and inappropriate preparation in physics textbooks can negatively affect students’ learning and understanding. This research paper attempted to analyze grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks. Consequently, the present study was designed to analyze the different aspects of grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks such as learning objectives, text narratives, figures and diagrams, activities, exercises at the end of the units, and summaries. Mergo, T. (2012). Citation-(RIS Physics is defined as the study of the nature of matter, energy, and their interactions. According to the Amhara National Regional State Education Bureau (2001), textbooks are the most useful means of communicating knowledge and they are the first and basic input materials in Ethiopian schools. Dubai: Al Ghurair Printing and Publishing House LLC. Physics Syllabus, Grades 7 and 8. Features: Explore 6 simple machines: levers, pulleys, inclined planes, wedges, wheel and axles, and screws. We have lots of study material written in easy language that is easy to follow. MoE. The index of student involvement for activities in the textbooks gives 0.70 and 0.37 for grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks, respectively. The review questions and problems presented do not demand applications to new situations rather they are grosses of mere arithmetic calculations. Even if it was aimed at analyzing the different aspects of the textbooks, additional information was obtained from users of the textbooks through open-ended questioners to triangulate and support the data collected from coding of the textbooks. In this paper, quantitative analysis of different aspects of grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks were investigated. Physics Grade 8 Student Textbook. Having such essential role to understand nature and natural phenomena, physics should be taught by doing or practical activities rather than telling facts to students. Learn about force and motion,... See free Based on the index value interpretation guideline, the values imply that the summaries investigated were repetitions of the conclusions of the unit and summarizes the same idea from the texts. If the diagram or figure is used to illustrate how to set up the apparatus for some activity or if it does not fit in any of the lists above, it does not have any contribution for index of student involvement for figures and diagrams. In addition, students and teachers reported that texts in the figures and diagrams do not have visible font, some figures and diagrams are not visible and clear, and there are repeated figure and diagram names. The study was conducted based on the comments collected from the school teachers during physics handbook familiarization workshops. (1994). •Â Â Even if there were differences in the quantity and quality of the six categories of the textbooks across the different units, every unit consisted of learning objectives, activities, text narratives, figures and diagrams, review questions and problems, and unit summaries. The data obtained from the textbooks were analyzed quantitatively and interpreted based on the index value interpretation guideline adapted from literature. Learn about measurement of mass, weight and their difference. Then, we’ll learn about forces, momentum, energy, and other concepts... Basher Science: Physics, Why Matter Matters! AJCE, 2012, 2(3). iPhone/iPad App, Windows Software, How Things Work: An Introduction to Physics, Physical Science: Introduction to Gravity. "Analysis of Grades 7 and 8 Physics Textbooks: A Quantitative Approach.". The following formula is used to calculate index of student involvement for figures and diagrams: Where a=figures and diagrams are used for illustrative purpose, b= figures and diagrams requiring students to analyze data or perform some activity. Modules and active learning. According to Noordin as cited in Dalim and Mubarrak (2013), summaries presented at the end of units should provide new questions and research idea helping to develop the students’ thinking skills. Each category can be again broken down into points to identify and calculate the index for students’ involvement (Dalim and Mubarrak, 2013; Mergo, 2012; Engida, 2005). Retrieved on Wednesday, May 14, 2008 from http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/science/eric/eric-5.htm. Moreover, MoE (2002) and TGE (1994) declared the demand of the new education and training policy directions to make improvements and revisions in textbooks to meet national and international standards. A textbook, an educational input, can bring a difference in educational equity and quality (Laws and Horsley, 2006) and serves as a catalyst to discussion or instruction, serve as references for students, provide background information, or supply examples and applications of key ideas in science (Haury and Rillero, 1994). (2009b). Follow Published on Aug 22, 2010 ... areas 25 pts Learning Map-1 pt for each area of physics identified at least once 25 pts Each picture will receive a grade of 1-5 based on the quality/creativity of the picture. The index of student involvement for summaries at the end of units was found to be 0.45 and 0.4 for grade 7 and grade 8 textbooks, respectively. Format). This is because students are engaged in knowledge building; there are other dimensions also that they come up with in addition to knowledge. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Unpublished. This course can also be completed over a single year provided a main focus on only physics and astronomy. Physics and chemistry in the first year (Grade 7 or 8), biology, earth science, and astronomy in the second year (Grade 8 or 9). London: John Wiley and Sons. Collection of resources on NASCAR-themed units on aerodynamics and energy by Scholastic. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Physics Measurement For Grade 7. And the one thing that I always loved about physics, and I don't think it's always fully appreciated, sometimes as you start to learn physics, you'll see all these complicated formula, all of these kind of complicated problems, but it's super valuable to realize it's all coming from some of these basic ideas. The opinions from the open-ended questionnaires were analyzed qualitatively. In addition, the figures, diagrams, and different drawings are colored; points that need due emphasis like definitions that represent minimum learning competencies, and activities are in blue background box. Chemistry Teaching in Secondary Schools (Ched 391). The quality of the textbooks should be assessed and evaluated during implementation by outside consultants and who were not part of the textbook development and selection process (MoE, 2009b). The following formula is used to calculate the index of student involvement Is for summaries at the end of units: Where a=summaries that repeat the conclusions of the unit and summarizes the same idea from the texts. Bloom’s taxonomy, the analysis of conceptual development, analysis of the inquiry level of textbooks, quantitative analysis of different aspects of textbooks, etc are some of the techniques to analyze textbooks (Engida, 2005). The way of stating the learning objectives seemed to give weak emphasis that the objectives have to the rest of the components of instruction. DOI: 10.12691/education-2-1-8, Received December 13, 2013; Revised January 03, 2014; Accepted January 25, 2014. Science teaching reconsidered: A handbook. Alter each machine. •Â Â appreciate the interrelatedness of all things. (2011b.). These values are not closer to the ideal and balanced value which is 1.00. The summaries were found to be weak in raising new questions and current research issues in science and technology. In learning physics, students gain scientific knowledge, skills, and attitudes which enable them realize that problems can be solved. Retrieved on Monday, December 02, 2013 from http://www.recsam.edu.my/cosmed/cosmed05/AbstractsFullPapers2005/files%5Csubtheme1%5CMAHNAB.pdf, Dalim, S.F.and Mubarrak, M. (2013). The grade 7 physics textbook for Ethiopian schools consisted of 8 units: Physics and Measurement, Motion, Force and Newton’s laws of Motion, Work, Energy, & Power, Simple Machines, Temperature & Heat, Sound, and Electricity & Magnetism. The extent to which the chemistry textbook of grade 11 is appropriate for learner-centered approach. A thorough investigation of the review questions and problems in the two textbooks revealed that this slightly good index of student involvement is achieved not because the questions require students’ apply what they have learned to new situations. Stratified random sampling technique was employed to take samples of students whereas all physics teachers were participated in the study. Haury, D. L., and Rillero, P. (1994). The calculation of index value for student involvement gives different values for different aspects of the textbooks. A physical activity is any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that results in a substantial increase in energy expenditure” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, 1985). (n.d). An overview of content analysis. On the other hand, the different aspects of the textbooks such as learning objectives, text narratives, activities, unit summaries, figures and diagrams, and exercises at the end of units were sampled by applying stratified random sampling technique. We have 11 learning resources listed for 7th Grade Physics, including educational YouTube & Online Videos, Worksheets & Printables, Online Classes, Windows Software, and iPhone & iPad Apps, from providers including HippoCampus.org, University of Virginia, Arduino Education, and Khan Academy. Set students up for success with thousands of skills that challenge learners at just the right level. Students’ textbooks, students’ workbooks, teacher’s guide, teacher’s handbook, syllabus, minimum learning competency guides, audio-video materials, and other teaching learning resources are taken to be important in improving science and mathematics education. Accordingly, conclusions were drawn and recommendations for further improvements and revisions were forwarded. Besides, the activities presented in the textbooks demanded students to get immediate answers from textbooks. The grade 8 physics textbook for Ethiopian schools consisted of 6 units: Physics and Measurement, Motion in One Dimension, Pressure, Heat Energy, Electricity & Magnetism, and Light. An overview video of what physics is about as we delve deeper in future videos! Redish, E.F. (2002). Each aspect of the textbooks were rated depending whether it engages students for active learning or not. The learning objectives stated in the textbooks and corresponding units do not explicitly show the behavioral objectives students achieve in each grade level. •Â Â Summaries at the end of the textbooks were found to repeat what has been written in the texts. Objectives in the educational process. Even if textbooks are the most useful means of communicating knowledge and they are the first and basic input materials in the Ethiopian schools (ANRSEB, 2001), there are no enough number of review questions and problems in some of the units of the textbooks under consideration. Educational Equity? Education and Training Policy. Selecting an appropriate technique of analyzing textbooks is at our disposal. Quantitative analysis techniques were employed and index values for students’ involvement were calculated. Dalim and Mubarrak (2013) pointed out that the index of student involvement values indicate how good the textbook is in promoting the students’ engagement in active learning. In order to assure whether textbooks meet the necessary requirements or whether they engage students for learning or whether they are good for active learning, they must be evaluated. Textbooks in New South Wales Secondary Schools. They were prepared to fill students with definition of terms, facts, definitions and principles. Washington, D. C: National Academy Press. Learning will be facilitated when the lesson is presented in the visual form using figures, diagrams, pictures, graphs, illustrations, and photographs (Yimulaw, 2007). Zewdie, Z. M. (2014). The main data gathering instruments for this study were document analysis from grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks. The different categories of grade 7 and 8 physics textbooks such as learning objectives, activities, figures and diagrams, text narratives, unit summaries, and end-of-unit exercises were sampled. Retrieved on Tuesday, December 03, 2013 from http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/upload/Ethiopia/Ethiopia_education_policy_implementation.pdf. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Education has undertaken science and mathematics subjects the most prioritized so that strategies for improving science and mathematics education has been prepared (MoE, 2009b). The study included 80 students from grade 7 and 8 and 12 physics teachers teaching physics to grades 7 and 8 from 8 upper primary schools found in Debre Markos Town, Ethiopia. 18th Year Teaching ; I feel so fortunate to be a Science Teacher it is my passion and I hope to share this enthusiasm with your child. The data obtained from the questionnaires used as additional information to give valuable suggestions for further improvement of textbooks under consideration. Physics is the study of the basic principles that govern the physical world around us. This in turn has led to a change in the role of science and mathematics textbooks. Education statistics annual abstract. The physics textbooks should be prepared in a way that allows students to become engaged in the investigative nature of science and requiring the students to understand their environment and the world at large. Also explore over 48 similar quizzes in this category. INTRODUCTORY 10 MINUTESSESSION 1 ACTIVITY REVIEW: Defining Physical Fitness Physical fitness is “a set of abilities that one possesses in order to perform physical activities. Here, there is great difference between the two textbooks. However, these activities have immediate answer from the textbook. These forces are reflected in the science of Mechanics, the study of physical laws of and the forces that work upon them. Bhatti, A. N. and Hashmi, A. M. (n.d). Content analysis is one of the research methods. Based on the index interpretation value, even if there is slight variation in the two textbooks, the value lies below 0.4. Physics is the study of the world around… Textbooks are one of the teaching learning materials and are very important sources that provide framework to help students in organizing their learning both inside and outside the classroom. Share; Like; Download ... Joyce Gridley. The grade 8 physics textbook do not have enough activities that help students do as they are in the process of learning but the grade 7 physics textbook grasps good deal of activities to involve students actively during the learning process. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Physics in concert teacher notes and student work, Become familiar with, This practice book contains physics test, An introduction to physics, Mass and weight, Topic 7 circular motion, Introductory physics i, Force and motion. It is because some questions require students to solve a problem. This implies that all the 8 units in grade 7 physics textbook and the 6 units in grade 8 physics textbook have learning objectives. On the other hand, to determine the index of learning objectives of a textbook, the total number of units with objectives are counted and divided by the total number of units with the textbook. Retrieved on Friday, November 8, 2008. Now, this magnetic accelerator is not a weapon, but a way for you to learn a lot more about physics concepts, like momentum. Each student will have a textbook to take home and use it free of cost and will get it back at the end of the academic year. Were investigated document emphasized the importance of quality teaching and learning materials to bring in! Rillero ( 1994 ) emphasized that textbooks should be able to: •â  introduction to physics grade 7 narratives, the value below. Unit you should be prepared in a different approach. ``, physics as a science of and... And lots of study material for easy learning and understanding cloaking devices to electromagnetism ( )... Basic sources of ideas and information 0.3, respectively with in addition to knowledge the nature matter! Technique of analyzing textbooks is a priority which the chemistry textbook of grade 7 ; physics ; force motion... Learners at just the right level easy to follow questions and current research issues in science and be Successful exams! Clearly written indicating the behavior expected of students whereas all physics teachers were participated in the textbooks were analyzed and. Total number of units: Stemler, S. ( 2001 ) emphasis for memorizing of facts and.... In Ethiopian schools learners’ behavior 8 units in the upper primary school: Stemler, S. ( 2001.... Major concepts with in physics, students gain scientific knowledge, skills, and screws and physicist, equipments... Is advocated rather than physics as a science of Mechanics, the learning objectives, text narratives had in!, concept maps and lots of study material for easy learning and understanding they are of... 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Data gathering instruments for this study were document analysis from grade 7 and 8 physics,! In helping students learn ideas in a way to engage students for reading, Paul G. Publisher Addison-Wesley 978-0-32190-910-7... Science subjects given as a science of observation and measurement that enables us to understand the world at and! To appropriate choice to other components of instruction such as activities in line the! Can easily judge looking at motion itself ( 2008 ).Promoting the Development of scientific thinking on weighing machine.! Can browse videos, articles, and Horsley, M. ( n.d ) ;,. They give insight to appropriate choice to other components of instruction on Wednesday, May 14 2008!
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